nOps provides a variety of views to aid you in managing and controlling your cloud costs. Calculating your cloud costs goes beyond just adding up resource costs for a specific region. nOps Cost Control also shows you related costs and credits, to give you a clear picture of your monthly spend.

To access nOps Cost Control facilities:

Partners:

  1. Log in to your nOps account.

  2. From Profile Menu select Manage Clients.

  3. Click on client name and go to client account.

  4. Click on Cost Control tab.

Customers:

  1. Log into your nOps account.

  2. Click on Cost Control and choose one of the options in the drop-down.

This topic describes:

nOps Dashboard

Overall Cost Control Options

nOps Analysis Tools in Cloud Resources Cost

nOps Dashboard

The nOps Dashboard summarizes changes in your cloud costs and allows you to choose what period of time to compare. The cost changes are broken out by:

  • Cloud Accounts

  • Cloud Services

  • Usage types

  • Operations

The order of these sections is constant and reflects general impact to cloud spend. Individual line items are listed within each group ordered by spend,

Buttons at the upper right enable you to choose which cloud-account types to include and also whether the cost comparison should be monthly, month-to-date, or weekly.

Note that the Cloud Accounts summary at the top includes links to give you detail of potential savings and underutilized resources.

Note also the View More link at the bottom left of the individual items partial list in each group, to show all records for that group.

Overall Cost Control Options

Option

Description

View

Cloud Resources Cost

Overall costs for the last month (or change date range under Filters), plus options to filter by resource type, cloud account, region, and other parameters

Monthly and daily spend by region, specific cloud service, usage type, specific operations, and specific tags; with various filtering options (Filters box at left), and a log of cost changes

Chargebacks Center

Chargebacks for departments

Container Cost

Granular costs for EKS

Status of instances and costs for EKS pods and services

Spot Advisor

Find EC2 instances that can be migrated to use Spot instances

View instances that can be converted to Spot Instance pricing

Tag Explorer

A label assigned to a resource, consisting of a key and an optional value, both of which you define

Tags enable you to categorize your resources in different ways. For example:

Tag resources used to support an app, to track costs for the app

Resource Rightsizing

Find over resourced instances

Recommendations for rightsizing

Long Term Instances Management

Find and view spending for Reserved Instances

Filters you created, recommendation types, offering classes and payment types and terms

Analysis Tools in Cloud Resources Cost

Choosing Cloud Resources Cost from the Cost Control pull-down gives you a set of tabs that show your cloud spend broken out by:

  • Cloud Accounts - spend by account in AWS, Azure, etc.

  • Regions - spend by region in cloud vendor

  • Cloud Services - spend by service in each cloud vendor

  • Resources - spend from cloud resources being used

  • Non-resources - spend not specifically from cloud resources

  • Usage Types - spend by AWS usage type

  • Operations - spend by AWS operation


  • Tags - spend by tagged resource, with tagged resources grouped under key name

  • Change Management - log of daily cost changes

The first seven of these tabs (Cloud Accounts, Regions, Cloud Services, Resources, Non-resources, Usage Types, and Operations) each give you:

  • A Spend Summary at the top :

    • Yesterday's Total Spend

    • Last Week's Spend

    • Month to Date Spend

    • AWS Credits (applicable tabs only)

  • An array of Filters in the vertical box at the left, enabling you to view cost trends over time, and to understand which resources contribute to higher costs.

  • A History bar chart just below the Spend Summary. Note the two buttons above the right side of the chart:

    • See Spend Forecast

    • See Spend History

  • Details of Daily Spend listed in a table below the History chart

Spend Summaries

A few notes:

  • The periods for the Spend Summary boxes Yesterday, Last Week, and Month to Date are as defined by AWS.

  • If you choose a specific date range in the Filters box at the left, the Spend Summary becomes just the total spend for that date range (no yesterday's spend, last week's, or month to date).

  • On the Resources and Non-resources tabs, the Spend Summary gives the appropriate subtotals for resources or non-resources. For the other five tabs, the Spend Summary gives the same overall totals. (The History chart and Daily Spend table below the Spend Summary do give details broken out per the specific tab title.)

  • Credits: The overall credits value in the spend summary is as reported by AWS, and includes both AWS credits and refunds. The number in the Credits box of the Spend Summary is for the specific date range in the Filters box at the left. The credits value in the summary when you hover your cursor over a "circle-i" is the portion of the AWS credits plus refunds, reported by AWS, for yesterday, last week, or month to date, depending on the box.

  • Hover text summary: Hovering your cursor over the "circle-i" in any of the three Spend Summary boxes gives the Resources, Non-resources, and AWS Credits value for the time period of that box (yesterday, last week, month to date). These numbers and the associated time periods are as defined in AWS.

Filters for Analyzing Costs

The Filters vertical box at the left allows you to zero in on a combination of resources and parameters and so find the sources of cost trends over time, or understand which resources contribute most to higher costs. See How to use nOps Search for information on even more sophisticated search possibilities.

Filtering criteria you've chosen are shown by ovals above the Spend Summary, so that you can easily track the filtering criteria that you have in effect -- however, note that any custom date range is not represented by an oval above the Spend Summary.

The Filters box includes a calendar tool, which allows you to specify a date range for which costs are to be displayed and summed. When specifying a custom date range:

  • Use the Apply button at the very bottom of the enlarged calendar tool, to make your date range take effect

  • Note the "easy-button" pre-specified date ranges, like 1W, 3M, or May 2022, just above the Apply button.

The default cost display might only cover the preceding month. The calendar tool can be used to view cost changes over time periods that are meaningful to your business.

Spend figures next to regions, cloud-managed services, and other criteria listed in the Filters box are the total for that filter criterion and will match the total in the Daily Spend table on the page.

History Chart

The color-coded choices beneath the chart can be clicked to exclude each from the chart, enabling you to focus on particular regions, services, resources, etc.

Daily Spend

  • The Total column in the table is the total for the date range set in the Filters box on the left.

  • The table of daily values scrolls left to right through the days (scroll bar at bottom) and is paginated 10 records per page (page selection at lower right).

  • The Daily Spend detail on each page has a Download CSV button at the upper right that downloads all spend records for that page. For example, if a tab such as Operations has 170 records, the default view may display only 10 records at a time. However, clicking the download icon will download all records (in this example, 170) in a .csv file:

Non-resources

This tab gives costs not associated directly with a resource, such as taxes and AWS or Azure services (for example, AWS Key Management Service, or AWS CloudTrail). To see a complete list of your non-resource costs for the selected filter criteria (including selected date range in the Filters box calendar tool), click Download CSV at the top of the Daily Spend table below the History bar chart.

Cost Details for Resources and Non-resources

You can get details for any Daily Spend value or Total value in the Resources or Non-resources pages by clicking on the value:

Tags

The Tags tab gives the spend for all tags by key name. Note that:

  • To see the spend for each value under a key name, expand a key name by clicking on it, or by clicking on > at the right end of the row.

  • To see detailed costs for tag key-value pairs, use the Tag Explorer page under Cost Control (Cost Control pull-down, choose Tag Explorer).

  • A blue Download button (upper right) gives you a CSV file of the spend figures by key name, for all keys. The CSV does not break out by key value.

  • The Cost (total) column gives the total spend for the time period specified in the Filters column at the left -- default, 1 month to date.

Change Management

The Change Management tab lists the changes in your account and the potential billing impact of these changes. You can expand or collapse each day's list of changes by clicking the down arrow at the right, and you can click on the Daily, Weekly, or Monthly filter options to see the total spend change over daily, weekly, or monthly intervals for each resource type. Change the Sort by options to view increases or decreases by cost or by percent.

Finding Cost Changes

Use one or a combination of the following methods to explore cost changes, compare what you paid this month vs last month, or investigate a spike in costs.

  • Check costs on the dashboard. From the Dashboard, navigate to Cost Control / Cloud Resources Cost. Check the Cloud Accounts, Cloud Services, Resources, and Operations spends. Spend numbers flagged in red show are higher than in the previous time period. Check for variances. You might notice (for example) that unexpectedly higher costs stem from adding a number of new resources.

  • Use the calendar tool. For example, in the Resources tab, if the spend and usage look normal and there are no spikes, use the calendar tool to include costs for the prior month. This may show changes in resources. Also examine Non-resources tab to see how such items as support costs, usage costs for pausing and restarting an instance, egress costs, or tax costs are contributing to your spend.

  • Also in the Resources tab, use the various filters in the box at left – for example, to isolate key resources by tags, region, account, usage type, etc., so that you can evaluate a specific resource or a set of resources for changes in cost over time.

  • From the Regions tab, click on See Spend Forecast to see estimates based on your current spend.

  • Set up Notifications. From the Change Management tab click on Subscribe to be notified of cost changes. You can select a period of time, and a range for the cost comparison (by week or by month). Enter emails for people who will receive these notifications.

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